Can the Muslim Brotherhood be a stabilizing alternative to radical Jihadist groups, or does their political project represent a more sophisticated strategy toward repressive Islamic technocracy?
Why did fascism appeal to different social classes in interwar Italy?
Edmund Burke's adversaries criticized the Reflections on the Revolution in France (1790) as a reactionary "pathless wilderness". But what are the Reflections' sentiments toward social progress?
Lenin's theory on revolutions, his greatest intellectual contribution to communism, contradicts Marx's historical materialism.
Emerson’s purpose in “the American Scholar” is to inaugurate a novel epoch in American intellectual environment – an age of independence and creativity, free of foreign influence.